People are looking for ways to economize in these uncertain times. We can all see the evidence of environmental crisis brewing alongside the economic downturn, and it's easy to feel powerless in the face of such global forces. With politicians and businesses seeking avenues to a sustainable future, Cooper wondered how design might help individuals cut costs while also encouraging behavior that was environmentally responsible.
This all started when Environmental Defense approached Cooper, asking us to imagine new ways to make it easier for people to save resources. We performed research throughout the Bay Area, then collaborated with Environmental Defense to model our findings and identify design opportunities. From this point of inspiration, we continued on our own, crafting a quick eco-friendly concept: Economizer, a service that helps consumers save money while making sustainable choices. The service consists of a core set of internet-aware services with optional components such as hardware data collectors, social networking applications, and dedicated smart phone interfaces.
Economizer: Scenario 1 on Vimeo (Watch this video in fullscreen mode by clicking the icon in the lower right of the player.) Economizer: Scenario 2 on Vimeo (Watch this video in fullscreen mode by clicking the icon in the lower right of the player.)
Economizer: Scenario 3 on Vimeo (Watch this video in fullscreen mode by clicking the icon in the lower right of the player.)
Motivating new behaviors
While it's true that if we are to have a sustainable future, many solutions will come from technological innovation and policy changes, but the user experience component of these changes is also clearly critical. Crafting a powerful and direct interface that brings together information and motivates action has the potential to provide visibility into how we use resources, the true costs of the things we use, and the consequences of our choices. By connecting behavior to impact, and by suggesting achievable action, design can empower people to make changes to their lifestyle that are both cost-effective and sustainable.
We imagine that people will engage with Economizer in a number of stages:
Start with the basics An Economizer account provides subscribers the ability network with others, track their behaviors as they relate to resource consumption, develop profiles, and download apps and tools.
Save money With the investment of a little more effort, subscribers can use Economizer to maximize the amount of money they are saving by linking up to supermarket loyalty programs to reveal consumption patterns and find savings opportunities while getting more visibility into the environmental impact of what they're buying (including materials, fabrication and transportation factors). They can also link to their online utility company profiles to see real-time, data-based recommendations on how to improve electric, gas and water efficiency, and save more money. These service characteristics designed to satisfy people, interestingly, may also provide fantastic business opportunities.
Discover healthy alternatives Subscribers can next turn their attention to discovering healthy lifestyle alternatives. Economizer provides calculators and real-time information to make better choices about everything from food and transportation to identification of which eco-friendly companies to patronize.
Go bright green Economizer also supports subscribers who wish to integrate all areas of their lives with interfaces to improve decisions around household waste and recycling, purchasing offsets, making healthier choices for their children and socializing the service with friends, family or the office.
The design ideas shown in the videos above are based upon a number of strategies intended to motivate people to change the way they act, in ways that will be beneficial to themselves, their communities and the whole planet. These include:
Illuminating the big picture Most existing "green" services focus on a single core problem, failing to link the various attitudes and behaviors that comprise a person's life. A list of supermarkets that sell local foods is interesting, but how do you get there? And what do you do with local food once you've got it? Integrating transportation alternatives to get there and recipes for making the best use of local ingredients can help form a more cohesive understanding of the value of the local food. Similarly, we now understand our resource use as a set of isolated services -- water, waste, and energy generally appear as independent bills. When it comes to changing habits, a truly useful service would expose the connections between these things.
Providing meaningful comparisons When it comes down to a comparison, national averages are unsatisfying. What would be most meaningful are comparisons to "people like me." Who are these people? Well, they could be neighbors, or people with a similar income, or people who shop at the same stores or share similar behaviors. Providing effective benchmarks is a critical element of the service.
Encouraging The last thing a service should do is nag its users, but this perception can be reduced by providing quick and easy ways to opt-out of notifications. People who must travel for work could limit the eco-guilt by choosing to tone down the feedback about their carbon footprint.
Integrating into social settings By allowing people to express their accomplishments through Facebook and other social networks, we can build social cachet around working to live more sustainably. It's easier to feel like you're making a difference when you can see your contribution to the larger movement toward economic and ecological sustainability. Making it easy to evangelize gives power the power to share their successes and grow the network.
In the course of the explorations we conducted on this short project, we've become quite excited about the possibilities here. What do you think? How can better design save the planet?